Project Management in Construction

When millions are at stake in a construction project, preventing costly mistakes becomes a priority. Bound by strict time parameters and financial limits, you must account for every detail and contingency. Construction project management assists you in doing just this, whether you’re erecting oil and gas refineries, building power plants, or working on cutting-edge infrastructure. In addition, construction project management helps you maintain the entire construction process efficiently and on track, from planning and design to resource management, budget allocation, and more.

Construction project management necessitates understanding current management and the design and construction process. Furthermore, building projects have certain goals and limits, such as a deadline for completion. While the essential technology, institutional arrangements, or methods may differ, the administration of such initiatives shares many similarities with the management of similar projects in other specialist or technological fields such as aerospace, pharmaceuticals, and energy development. Project Management Fundamentals course mainly targets professionals and organizations looking to gain a fundamental understanding of best practices of project management used globally. This blog will give a brief idea about Construction Project Management. But, before moving forward, first will know what Construction Project Management is?

What is Construction Project Management?

According to the Project Management Institute (PMI), project management is “the art of directing and coordinating human and material resources throughout the life of a project by using modern management techniques to accomplish predetermined objectives of scope, cost, time, quality, and participating objectives.” Construction project management blends the skills and expertise of a traditional project manager with the construction industry’s ever-changing, fast-paced nature. As a result, construction project managers must possess a diversified set of skills and expertise to successfully manage diverse teams, multiple stakeholders, massive amounts of documentation, and strict schedules.

Construction project management handles planning, coordinating, and executing a construction project in the agricultural, residential, commercial, institutional, industrial, civil, or environmental industries. Construction projects generally have hundreds of jobs and phases, necessitating a thorough understanding of the construction process and problem-solving skills to keep the project on track. The function of a construction project manager is to keep the project on track due to the complicated and often altering nature of building projects. The goal is to complete the project on schedule and budget while still producing a finished product that complies with all applicable codes, plans, and specifications. The construction project manager’s responsibilities include planning and cost, quality, and safety management.

As we have gone through the overview of construction project management, let us discuss its basics.

Construction Project Management Basics

How to Succeed at the Project

When a project owner is ready to start, the owner will share project information with a large group of contractors, general contractors, or subcontractors to request bids. The process begins with a cost estimate from blueprints and material take-offs. Then, tell the owner how much money they should pay for the contractor to complete the project. There are two types of bids that a contractor can expect:

  • Open Bid: For public projects, open bids are frequently advertised. Any contractor can submit an offer in an open bid
  • Closed Bid: A private project’s procedure begins with a sealed bid, in which the owner asks a small number of contractors to submit proposals.

The bids will come in whether the owner chooses an open or closed bid procedure for the project, and the selection of a contractor can begin based on several criteria:

  • Low-Bid Selection: The bottom line — aka the price — is the most important factor for the project owner. The contractor who submits the lowest bid for the project is the winner.
  • Qualifications-Based Selection: The project owner requests that contractors submit a request for qualifications (RFQ) with their proposal, which describes the contractor’s experience, management strategies, organizational flow, and success in keeping on budget and on schedule. After that, the project owner selects the contractor with the finest credentials.
  • Best-Value Selection: In this method, the project owner considers the bid price and the contractor’s qualifications to discover the best combination of cost and skillset

Payment Agreement

After an owner chooses a contractor, the next and final step is to negotiate a payment agreement. Both parties usually select from four payment models:

  • Lump-Sum: The most common option is a lump-sum contract. The project owner and contractor agree on a total cost for the work. The owner should pay that amount regardless of the project’s success or whether the final bill exceeds the initial quote
  • Cost-Plus-Fee: Cost-plus-fee covers the total project cost and a fixed charge percentage of the overall cost to the contractor, both of which must be paid by the owner. Because it covers all additional expenditures, this is the most contractor-friendly solution
  • Guaranteed Maximum Price: The owner and contractor agree on a specific price that the total cost and charge cannot exceed in a guaranteed maximum price contract.
  • Unit Price: If the two parties can’t agree on a price upfront, they’ll use a unit-price model, in which the owner pays a set amount for each step of the project.

Now, let us go through the next topic: importance of construction project management.

Importance of Construction Project Management

Effective construction project management benefits owners by increasing the potential for successful project completion—on time, within budget, and free of financial or legal complications. Construction management is a competent service that utilizes specialized project management techniques to oversee the planning, design, and construction. Construction management aims to optimize industry practices, prudent decision-making, and effective and transparent project controls and reporting techniques. In contrast, project monitoring services improve throughout the project. Following are some of the importance of construction project management. 

1. Save Money and Time 

You can ensure that your project is finished on time and within budget with proper planning. For example, by using project management techniques, you might chart your project’s journey from the beginning and know where the delays – and expected expenditures will occur. Permitting you to allocate resources better, minimize delays, and abuse the project.

2. Take Better Business Decisions

You can attain better knowledge with clear records of how your project proceeds, what you need to prioritize, and when and if you’re at risk of going off track will help you better understand. You can recognize issues before they become problems, avoid bottlenecks, and make sensible, data-driven decisions with good project management.  

3. Enhanced Internal Communications 

It can be challenging to work together. However, with more efficient project management processes, particularly when working across teams or departments, you can dispose of collaborative complexities, enhance transparency and ensure accountability.

4. Quality Control 

The most significant aspect of successful project completion is maintaining quality standards. Typically, the stakeholders working on a project are under a lot of pressure to finish it, and this causes them to rush. But on the other hand, a construction manager will open the way to reaching the ROI while checking and controlling the necessary safety and quality standards.

5. Risk Management 

Risk management is crucial in a construction project. Responsible managers oversee all the processes, analyze all the potential risks, quantify them, develop a mitigation plan, and prepare a contingency plan in case needed. In addition, a construction manager must deal with any hazards that arise and respond to them while keeping the rest of the crew and management informed.

Now, let’s go through the functions of Construction Project Management.

Functions of Construction Project Management 

Construction and project managers are critical to any project’s entire performance and development, leading it from start to completion. Individuals working in this field must perform some construction management duties to ensure the success and quality of a project. Finishing a project would be extremely difficult without these construction management functions.

1. Project Management Planning 

Planning the whole construction project is an important task as it significantly lays out the stepping stones for completing the entire construction project. Therefore, the project manager should plan each step before beginning your project

2. Time Management 

Time is a substance you can never get back when you lose it; subsequently, individuals use their time wisely. The longer time you spend on a project in construction, the higher the cost. Therefore, spending time wisely and efficiently is a vital skill that someone needs to administrate buildings and is one of the major elements of construction project management. 

3. Contract Administration 

Contract management is when a company complies with legal requirements with various stakeholders, including clients, architects, subcontractors, and providers. This means that businesses establish a contract manager (CA) role to handle contract processing and management.

4. Safety Management 

Safety management refers to a set of procedures meant to ensure the safety and well-being of the worksite. For companies, this entails determining possible threats at construction sites, teaching personnel about optimal safety procedures, and ensuring that government agencies such as OSHA comply with security regulations. 

5. Quality Management 

Project managers are likewise responsible for project quality, so it is one of the construction management functions. To ensure that quality is good, construction management will need to analyze their work practices to check acceptable. For example, determine if the material used is of standard quality, and ensure that the end product is protected from any potential harm or damage. In addition, quality management ensures that the project begins with predefined quality metrics and ends according to the customer’s satisfaction. This entails developing a quality assurance and control methods for companies.

6. Cost Management 

Understanding the budget might contribute to building the payment table. Construction project managers use the budget and plan to determine the completion of the steps. Project managers sometimes need remuneration at each stage. This can make the construction projects safer because subcontractors do not receive all the expenses initially.

Next will see the Construction Project Management Team

Construction Project Management Team

Building design and construction projects can involve enormous individuals, with big projects involving tens of thousands of workers. Moreover, the project team’s structure and composition tend to change over time; some team members may only be involved for a short time, bringing specialist knowledge or supplying specialist components during a specific phase, whereas others, such as the client, project managers, or lead consultants, may be involved for many years.

1. C-Level Executives in Construction Projects

The senior executives are involved in construction projects at their most critical stages. This involves work bidding, big-picture budgeting, and contract execution. A minimum of 20 years of experience is mandatory for C-level roles, but there are always exceptions.

2. Project Owner 

The project owner commissions and finances the project, either directly or indirectly. Furthermore, the owner oversees the project from a high level and makes key decisions such as setting the bidding process, appointing the contractor, and deciding on the project delivery strategy.

3. Construction Project Manager 

A construction project manager oversees construction project management. This person is in charge of the construction project’s planning, coordination, budgeting, and oversight. The following are the responsibilities of the construction project manager:

  • Estimate and negotiate project costs 
  • Prepare the construction budget 
  • Manage the construction scheduling and work timetables 
  • Manage your work orders 
  • Determine the best project management methods and strategies for the project. 
  • Communicate with the project owner and stakeholders about budget, progress, etc.
  • Interact with job site workers, teams, and other construction professionals on technical and contract details 
  • Work with building, construction, and regulatory experts 

The construction project manager is typically a Project Management Professional (PMP) certified by the Project Management Institute (PMI). The Project Management Body of Knowledge explains a project manager’s different roles and responsibilities in depth.

4. General Contractor 

A general contractor manages the task site’s daily operations and supplies the necessary equipment, materials, and people for the project’s execution phase. General contractors generally hire subcontractors to complete specific jobs. Following are some of the main responsibilities of a general contractor: 

  • In charge of overseeing the work of subcontractors
  • Creating safety measures for construction sites
  • Obtaining permits and licenses for construction
  • Getting rid of construction trash
  • Managing the construction site’s employees
  • Keeping in touch with the project owner and construction manager

The project owner selects a general contractor after reviewing bids from multiple general contractors and selecting the proposal that best meets the project’s needs. 

Also read: How to Effectively Manage Project Budget

Process of Construction Project Management 

Construction project management requires a wide set of skills and the ability to interface with different agencies and individuals to lead the project from concept to build. Therefore, construction project managers should follow project management principles during every project life cycle phase. Every construction project, paying little heed to estimate, benefits from a strong plan and a great project manager familiar with construction project management. To build the proper plan for your construction project, it is helpful to understand the construction process. Following are the five basic stages in the construction project management process:

1. The Initiation Phase

The initiation phase is one of the most significant aspects of construction project management. It includes all the steps you must take before a project is approved and planning begins. During the first phase, the project’s objective and feasibility are decisive. This is a crucial stage of the whole process since it can indicate whether this project is a good opportunity or not. Then, if necessary, a feasibility study is conducted, and based on its results, a recommended solution/plan is issued.

Once everything is decided, a project initiation document (PID) is created. The project initiation document provides the groundwork for the construction plan and is one of the most vital artifacts in project management. Usually, there are three steps in the initial phase:

  1. Programming and feasibility: The planning team uses a feasibility study or business case to establish the project’s objectives and aims. At this stage, choices are made on the size of the building, how much space will be utilized, and how many rooms will be required. A project initiation document (PID) is prepared once these decisions have been taken.
  2. Schematic design: At this step, the team creates a sketch showing the space and materials, colors, and textures. During the design development, this information will be used to research the equipment needed and materials used. 
  3. Contract documents: The final drawings and specifications are contained in these documents. These documents are utilized by those placing bids to work on the project.

2. Design Phase

This is the second step of a construction project, and it signifies the start of the bidding process when it is completed. It’s time to allow your creative juices to flow once you’ve decided on a project. The design process entails everything from the project’s initial concept to comprehensive plans that depict the final design. Your design will vary from first sketches to finished drawings and specifications, but each iteration should fulfill the project’s needs while keeping the timetable and expenses in mind.

The owner selects a contractor based on finished designs in design-bid-build contracts. Next, an architect or engineer evaluates the design’s practicality based on the building’s regulations and codes, the number of rooms, the building’s size, and the quantity of space available. They then prepare schematic ideas or sketches after investigating the equipment and materials required and their costs. Finally, it’s time to move on to the preconstruction phase once the design has been finished and approved.

3. Preconstruction 

Preconstruction involves creating a roadmap to assist you through the construction process. It’s all about creating a project game plan that outlines what needs to be done, when it needs to be done, how they should accomplish it, and how much it should cost. If all parties stick to the plan and execute their roles flawlessly, they’ll deliver the project on time, standard, and within budget. Preconstruction involves a wide variety of important tasks. Following are some of the most important: 

  • Define and allocate resources
  • Create mini-budgets
  • Make timelines and deadlines
  • Distribute tasks
  • Map out work and activities through work breakdown structures (WBS), organization breakdown structures (OBS), and other tools

Preconstruction also includes risk assessment and contingency planning. Things rarely go as planned during a construction project — frequently owing to causes beyond your control. Therefore, project managers and stakeholders must be prepared for things to go wrong. You’ll waste less time, money, and resources attempting to get back on track if and when problems occur if you’re proactive.

4. Procurement

It envelopes sourcing, purchasing, and transporting the materials and services you require to complete a project. Procurement and supply chain managers should give input in the planning stages to keep unexpected cost overruns to a minimum during this stage. Even so, some volatility is unavoidable, as prices are subject to shifts in the market. Therefore, you should account for this risk to the extent possible through robust preconstruction planning. 

The project team orders, purchases, or rents all of the materials, tools, and services required to finish the project during this phase. Depending on the project’s magnitude, availability, and start date, this stage of the building project might be more or less hard. Purchasing materials from local, regional, or worldwide markets have advantages and disadvantages. Local procurement might take less time, but it may be more expensive, and less expensive materials moved over large distances are more likely to experience delays and supply chain disruptions. Conduct a thorough study so you can choose the best solutions to fulfill your budgetary needs and stay on track.

5. Construction 

You’ve made your plan, everyone knows their jobs, and you have the resources you need to begin. Now construction can commence. All your preparation and planning pay off in this stage, assisting the construction process moving along smoothly and complete successfully. Even the most thorough plans can’t expect every hiccup along the way, of course, so routine monitoring and evaluation of development during this phase is crucial for staying on course. 

Change management comes into play when adjusting to new circumstances or goals. Project managers must adjust as needed while remaining within the parameters of the project’s plan. Therefore, look for a change management solution that can help analyze the impact of changes and minimize their impact on the project.

So, as we have discussed, the process of construction project management. Now, let us go through the keys to effective construction project management.

Keys To Effective Construction Project Management

In construction, the successful completion of a task is achieved through effective project management. However, delivering a quality project to your client on time and within budget, while turning a profit for you and your subcontractors is not an easy task. It requires careful planning and detailed monitoring of progress, communication, and collaboration among significant stakeholders and team members.

1. Planning 

The most crucial aspect of successful construction project management is accurate and strategic planning. The more complicated a project is, the more planning it will require. A well-planned project increases efficiency and gives a step-by-step roadmap for finishing the job on time and within budget. You’ll create deliverables, set goals, and set project milestones during the planning phase. When planning a construction project, you need to figure out what equipment will be necessary, how much labor will be necessary, coordinate your subcontractors, and set certain building materials. Developing a safety plan, a communication strategy, a risk assessment, and a response plan are all things that need to be established during the planning process.

2. Monitoring Progress & Making Adjustments 

Once construction begins, the goal is to make sure everything progresses according to plan as much as possible. Typically a project will derail several minor issues rather than one large problem. Therefore, paying close attention to the daily progress reports, keeping track of the budget and schedule, and managing risks necessitate a high focus on detail. 

Recognizing an issue or an upcoming delay is the primary step. The second step requires a touch of detective work. If a task or activity falls behind schedule, it’s important to identify the root cause. For example, if productivity is low, it could be due to a lack of proper personnel allocation for that task. Other probable causes of low productivity include defective equipment on-site or a material supply delay. Once you’ve figured out what’s causing the issue, whether a labor shortage or a rework-related budget overrun, you’ll need to adjust your plan and timeline and develop a solution that will get the project back on track.

3. Communication 

Effective communication is important to the successful completion of any construction project. Good communication can develop teamwork and lead to superior project collaboration. Poor communication can result in misunderstandings, setbacks, and problems down the road. Methods of communication for definite tasks and information sharing should be built early on in the project and settled upon by all stakeholders. 

The contract documents, including the drawings, determinations, change order forms and requests for information (RFIs), and progress reports, create the basis for all construction communication. Therefore, any direct communication not outlined in the contract documents must receive proper authorization. 

4. Collaboration 

Good project collaboration is something beyond everyone completing tasks on schedule. It includes building a relationship with all stakeholders based on trust and respect to complete a project. Having an option to cooperate and coordinate efforts to enhance productivity is crucial. Getting key team members involved in the planning stage can also lead to better collaboration. Sharing ideas and expertise in problem solving and logistics. The collaboration process can incorporate allocating risks to the best-equipped parties to deal with them. Moreover, collaboration goes hand in hand with good communication and holding everyone together on the same page. It spins around trusting all parties and valuing their input as integral team members.

Business Models for Construction Projects

The bidding process is usually identical regardless of the type of construction project. Although, in the construction industry, there are two business models to expect:

  • Design-Bid-Build Contracts: Both popular and predominant, design-bid-build contracts allow the owner to select a contractor after an architect or engineer finishes the design phase
  • Design-Build Contracts: The opposite of design-bid-build, in a design-build contract, the design and construction stages are managed by the same party (referred to as the design-builder or the design-build contractor). This method speeds up the project’s completion since the design and construction stages can happen simultaneously

As indicated in the two above models, the bidding process starts with the design phase. There are different approaches in the design stage:

  • Conceptual/Programming and Feasibility: The final vision of the building serves as the beginning point for determining needs, goals, and objectives in this model. The size of the building, the number of rooms, the intended function of the space, and even who will use the area are all considerations to consider. This data is typically kept in a spreadsheet that lists each room and important information about those spaces as well as the estimated square footage of each place.
  • Schematic Design: Drawings or sketches identify spaces, shapes, and patterns of schematic designs. Of course, not every aspect of a construction project can be sketched, but those included in this design. The drawings note materials, colors, and textures. These sketches can also depict floor plans and where structures such as elevators would be located.

Next will see the Role and Responsibilities of a Project Manager in Construction Management.

Role and Responsibilities of a Project Manager in Construction Management

Roles of a Construction Project Manager

Even though each construction project’s goals may differ, construction project managers ultimately want to produce structures that not only satisfy specifications and look beautiful but also gain new business. They are in charge of keeping the project on track, determining the parameters, budget, and timetable, vetting and managing subcontractors and other on-site personnel, resolving conflict, and more.

Simply put, the Project Manager (PM) is in charge of a construction project’s success. They are in charge of all aspects of the project, including planning, execution, monitoring, control, and closure. It’s also vital to maintain a positive client relationship throughout the process. A Project Manager is also in charge of managing construction project planning and execution to ensure that they are done according to specifications, on time, and within budget. You’re reducing risk by hiring a Project Manager. With so many factors to consider before and after construction, the PM collaborates closely with engineers, architects, and others to achieve the best results.

Responsibilities of a Construction Project Manager

A good Construction Project Manager should be familiar with all construction processes and procedures and organize a team of professionals from many disciplines to obtain the best outcomes. Responsibilities for Construction Project Manager.

  • Establish and specify the project’s scope and deliverables
  • Predict resources needed to complete the project
  • Obtain all required permits, approvals, and regulatory requirements
  • Prepare and propose a budget based on the scope of the project and the resources required
  • To stay inside budget, keep costs under control
  • Make decisions about contracts and subcontracts
  • Maintain control over the construction timeline and operations
  • Provide cost and timeframe progress updates as needed
  • Select and maintain connections with subcontractors and suppliers
  • Architects, designers, engineers, and subcontractors should coordinate their activities across the whole project

What is Construction Project Management Software? 

Construction project management software streamlines the planning, scheduling, construction, resource management, and reporting processes. It aims to help project managers keep track of their projects by organizing their diverse components and automating tasks to improve efficiency. By delivering data-rich reports, a building project management tool keeps stakeholders informed. Because each construction project involves so many documents, file storage and management are essential features of construction project management software. Collaboration, plans, timetables, and resource management are all aided by real-time data. Although Microsoft Project is one of the popular project management programs, it has several drawbacks that make Project Manager a superior choice.

Challenges of Handling Construction Project Management 

Managing a construction project is not an easy task. Project managers face numerous problems due to the project’s broad scale, a huge number of participants, and inherent hazards. As a result, construction project management includes its share of challenges. Following are some of the most common tips on overcoming them. 

1. Management of documents and communication

Maintaining open communication channels amongst all parties involved in a building project is difficult. Even more difficult is maintaining an accessible, correct archive of all project documents. However, the dangers of inadequate communication and document management are far too great to overlook. A miscommunication that delays just one crucial procedure can bring the entire project to a standstill, produce cost overruns, or provoke disagreement between partners, from change orders to continuous procurement. Moreover, with a software solution that centralizes information and communication in a single platform, you can avoid the obstacles of managing communication through email, chat, phone, and other methods.

Project managers are in charge of document management and promote frequent communication. However, contractors, insurance companies, property owners, and other stakeholders require a single source of truth they can trust. Examine your organization’s present document management system, centralize existing documents, standardize processes, and use a document management solution with the capabilities you require to start developing a winning document management process.

2. Estimating 

It is impossible to overstate the difficulty and necessity of estimating building costs, resources, and timelines. Given the construction industry’s tight margins, a slight estimation inaccuracy might result in a projected loss. When predicting the cost of a big-scale project, such as building a power plant, a wide margin of error might result in the project being stagnant in the middle, resulting in a substantial amount of sunk expenses. While pricing swings, currency dips, material shortages, and other factors might make prediction an inexact science at best, forecasting tools can help you account for all of these variables and generate the most accurate estimations possible.

3. Siloed data 

When data is unruly and difficult to obtain, miscommunication is common, and projects rarely plan. Furthermore, data silos can impact cost control, project timeliness, risk assessment, and more. For example, suppose your contractor is waiting on information that’s already available or decides to push through without it. You will either face delays or be unwilling to cross your fingers and hope for the best. Adopt a management system that allows you to centralize and integrate essential data to break through data silos. The greatest technologies integrate your systems and allow your staff to rapidly access data stored wherever.

4. Lack of real-time data for risk assessment and change management 

It doesn’t matter if the data you’re sharing is old if you’re sharing it with your team. For example, construction projects are, by their nature, works-in-progress. So you need real-time data to keep track of new developments and address challenges as they arise. But, again, the right software solution is the answer. The platform you select should simplify data exploration with up-to-date dashboards and reports. As well as the tools you’ll need to visualize workflows and assess the effectiveness of your actions.

Construction Project Management Case Study

Construction management is a procurement method in which a construction management organization takes the role of a typical builder. Their responsibility is to work directly for the client in the construction phase management. A construction manager is a professional with experience in construction and management hired by the client to provide only management services. The construction manager prepares a succession of trade contracts but enters directly between each trade contractor and the client to complete the project. A significant aspect of construction management is that the construction manager has no direct involvement in the payments to the trade contractors. In addition, the role of the design team and its relationship with the client and construction manager is very similar to the traditional contracts between architect, client, and contractor. Now, we shall move on and consider two construction management case studies.

Case Study 1: The Eiffel Tower

In June 1884, Eiffel’s two chief engineers, Emile Nouguier and Maurice Koechlin, conceived a very tall tower. It was built in the shape of a massive tower, with four latticework girders that were to be split at the base and linked at the top by other metal girders at regular intervals.

The construction

The tower project was a dramatic expansion of this notion, reaching a height of 300 meters, or 1000 feet, in symbolic terms. Eiffel filed a patent on September 18, 1884, for “a new configuration allowing the building of metal supports and pylons capable of exceeding a height of 300 meters.” The supports were put together on July 1, 1887, and were finished twenty-two months later. Eiffel’s factory in Levallois-Perret, on the outskirts of Paris, prepared all of the elements. Each of the 18,000 components needed to build the Tower was meticulously designed and calculated. Then traced out to a tenth of a millimeter accuracy before being assembled into new five-meter-long pieces. A team of constructors who had previously worked on major metal viaduct projects oversaw the 150 to 300 personnel on-site who were assembling this massive erector set.

Concrete foundations support the uprights set a few meters below ground level and are covered with compacted gravel. Each corner edge is supported by its supporting block, which is pressed with 3 to 4 kilograms per square centimeter, and each block is connected to the others by walls. Above all, the builders employed waterproof metal caissons and compressed air to work below the river level on the Seine side of the project.

Case Study 2: Statue of Unity

As we know, the statue of unity is the tallest in the world. Indian sculptor Ram Vanji Sutar designed this, supervised construction by a consortium constructing Tumer Construction Project Management, Micheal Graves. 

The Construction

The contract for this statute was given to Larsen and Toubro. With proper planning, L and T completed the project successfully within 2 to 36 months. However, natural disasters, such as earthquakes and wind, caused significant building obstacles. The tunnel effect of winds sweeping down the river is apparently created by this statue of unity, which stands in front of Narmada. However, after years of studying the wind pattern, researchers discovered that wind rates of 130 km/h might buffet the statue under the worst-case scenario. To address this problem, the statue has been designed to endure winds of up to 180 km/h.

The issue in the monument’s creation was not just the wind blowing against it but also the succession effect that occurs at the back of the statue. The structural design took this into account as well. Also, within a radius of 12 kilometers and a depth of 10 kilometers, the statue can now withstand earthquakes of roughly 6.5 on the Richter scale.


Putting together a construction project is a huge undertaking. Therefore, various criteria and aspects must be thoroughly analyzed. That is why it is vital to entrust your project management to construction management software, which will make your life easier while also allowing you to take your building plan to new heights. Construction project management ensures that teams are on the same page and that projects are completed successfully. However, attempting to implement all of the project management practices discussed above on your own would only frustrate you. To reap the benefits of excellent project management as quickly as possible, you’ll need the correct software. Moreover, construction project management software allows you to enhance forecasting, centralize data, increase productivity, and cut expenses.

In conclusion, after reading this blog, if you are interested in learning more about project management, we recommend enrolling in PMP Certification Training and passing the exam. At Invensis Learning, we provide certification training courses for various project-related courses, such as

So, take your project management journey to the next level by getting PMP Certified.


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