What is Agile Project Management?

Agile Project Management (APM) is an adaptable and iterative approach to project management that is distinguished by short development cycles, rapid iteration, and a focus on delivering high-quality products that meet customers’ needs.

It has grown in popularity recently, particularly in the software development industry, because it enables teams to respond quickly to changing project requirements and customer needs. This blog will delve into everything one should know about Agile Project Management from scratch.

Let’s get started by understanding the basics of Agile Project Management.

What is Agile Project Management?

Agile Project Management is an iterative approach to project management that focuses on continuous releases and incorporating customer feedback with each iteration. It is based on the principles outlined in the Agile Manifesto, which emphasizes delivering working products incrementally and continuously throughout the project rather than trying to deliver everything at once at the end.

APM techniques, such as Scrum, are often used in software development but can be applied to any project. APM aims to deliver high-quality products in a shorter amount of time by enabling the project team to respond to change and pivot as needed.

It focuses on delivering small, incremental pieces of the project, called “iterations” or “sprints,” regularly. Each iteration is a self-contained unit of work with a specific set of goals and deliverables. This allows the project team to test and validate their work and make necessary adjustments continually.

It also emphasizes collaboration and communication among all project team members, including the project manager, developers, stakeholders, and users. This is typically done through regular meetings, like daily stand-ups, where team members can share their progress, discuss any challenges or issues, and plan for the next iteration.

Agile project management aims to deliver customer value as quickly as possible while being flexible and adaptable to change. It is a different approach to traditional project management, which tends to be more structured and rigid.

What is Agile Methodology?

The Agile approach to project management involves dividing projects into smaller components. These components are completed in sprints which lasts from few days to few weeks. These sprints starts from intial design phase to testing and quality assurance.

By adoption of Agile, teams can release completed segments incrementally. This continuous release cycle allows teams to showcase the success of segments on time or address and fix any issue promptly if they rise. This gives scope to minimizes the risk of significant failures due ongoing improvement throughout the project lifecycle.

How APM Works?

APM uses a flexible and iterative approach to managing projects. This typically involves the following steps:

Define the Project Vision and Goals

The team should work with the customer to define the overall vision and goals for the project. This should include a clear understanding of what the project is trying to accomplish and how it will deliver value to the customer.

Break the Project into Smaller Chunks

The team should break the project into smaller chunks, called “user stories,” representing the discrete functionality the project will deliver.

Prioritize the User Stories

The team should work with the customer to prioritize them, so they can focus on delivering the most valuable functionality first.

Plan the Work for a Short Period

The team should plan the work for a short period, typically one to four weeks, called a “sprint.” During the sprint, the team will focus on completing a set of user stories prioritized for that period.

Track Progress Regularly

The team should track progress regularly, typically through daily stand-up meetings, where each team member briefly reports on what they worked on the previous day, what they plan to work on today, and any challenges or roadblocks they are facing.

Review and Adjust the Plan

At the end of each sprint, the team should review the completed work and adjust the plan for the next sprint based on what was learned. This may include adding new user stories, removing stories that are no longer necessary, or re-prioritizing the work based on changing customer needs.

Repeat the Process

The team should repeat this process for the project, using the insights and learning from each sprint to inform the work for the next sprint.

By following this process, agile teams can deliver high-quality products that meet the needs of the customer and can adapt quickly to changing requirements or challenges that arise during the project.

What is an Agile Manifesto?

The Agile Manifesto outlines the core values and principles of Agile software development. The Manifesto for Agile Software Development, as it is officially known, aims to provide an effective model for teams to successfully adopt the philosophy of Agile project management and use it to improve their work process.

The Agile Manifesto’s lightweight framework was designed to improve on existing software development processes, which were more complex and required a lot of documentation.

Understanding the Four Core Values in Agile

The values of agile are the guiding principles that underpin the agile approach to project management. The four core values of the Agile Manifesto are:

Individuals and Interactions Over Processes and Tools

Agile teams emphasize building strong relationships and effective communication within the team rather than relying on rigid processes or tools to drive the project.

Working Software Over Comprehensive Documentation

Agile teams prioritize delivering functional software over spending a lot of time creating detailed documentation.

Customer Collaboration Over Contract Negotiation

Agile teams prioritize close collaboration with customers to understand their needs and preferences. They are open to adapting the project as those needs change rather than following a strict contract or plan.

Responding to Change Over Following a Plan

Agile teams are flexible and adaptable and can pivot quickly if project requirements or customer needs change, rather than being locked into a strict plan.

12 Agile Principles

There are 12 Agile Principles explained in the Agile Manifesto in addition to the four agile values. These 12 agile software development principles help to establish the tenets of the agile mindset. They are not a collection of rules for agile practice but principles to help instill agile thinking. These principles include:

Our Highest Priority Is to Satisfy the Customer Through the Early and Continuous Delivery of Valuable Software.

Customers are satisfied when they receive the software frequently instead of waiting longer. Every delivery should provide a valuable update to the customer/stakeholders.

Welcome, Changing Requirements, Even Late in Development. Agile Processes Harness Change for the Customer’s Competitive Advantage.

During software development, when a requirement request changes, a delay should be avoided during the process. Agile supports changing market conditions, stakeholder requirements, and competition when required.

Deliver Working Software Frequently, from a Couple of Weeks to a Couple of Months, with a Preference for the Shorter Timescale.

Delivering the newer version of the software within a shorter timescale. The agile development cycle is often called “sprint” or “break down” of a product into small chunks. Smaller releases involve fewer bugs, and changes can be incorporated within time. This has become much more radical over the period, and organizations have started giving weekly releases.

Business People and Developers Must Work Together Daily Throughout the Project.

Communication is considered to be the vital component behind a project’s success. For example, a successful product release requires collaboration and communication from the technical and business sides, which develops trust and transparency.

Build Projects Around Motivated Individuals. Give Them the Environment and Support They Need, and Trust Them to Do the Job.

The agile approach empowers the team through trust and motivation. The Agile team should be responsible enough to include the right people with the required skill set to produce quality software. Providing proper motivation, a working environment, and tools will empower them to put all their efforts into accomplishing a project.

A Face-to-face Conversation Is the Most Efficient and Effective Method of Conveying Information to and Within a Development Team.

Effective communication between the team members and clients means it favors more for real-time human interaction. On the other hand, asynchronous communication commonly causes misunderstanding, which might hamper the work process.

Though remote working seems good enough, it can never be like 100% real-time interaction. However, globally teams are proving remote communication can still be successful and Agile.

Working Software Is the Primary Measure of Progress.

Agile methodology reminds us that developing working software should be our major focus. For example, well-detailed documentation, finished analysis, and completed models have less meaning if these haven’t been converted into working software.

The final step to measure success is the working software/product that customers require. If the working software is not shipped, it’s not entirely ready. So, no progress can be measured.

Agile Processes Promote Sustainable Development. The Sponsors, Developers, and Users Should Be Able to Maintain a Constant pace Indefinitely.

High expectations will require you to be more demanding and keep up with the rapid release schedule. Nevertheless, Agile allows you to be realistic and clear about your expectations with each release.

Continuous Attention to Technical Excellence and Good Design Enhances Agility.

The agile approach mainly focuses on sprints, regular releases, and maintaining things tidy to avoid issues later. Nonetheless, giving importance to technical aspects and good design ensures maintaining a proper pace, sustaining frequent changes, and improving the product.

Simplicity–the Art of Maximizing the Amount of Work Not Done–is Essential.

Agile encourages doing the things that have the maximum impact on organizational objectives and making prioritization decisions. Removing irrelevant procedures and automating the manual work allows you to focus more on delivering customer value. This is a continuous effort to be handled by the organizations.

The Best Architectures, Requirements, and Designs Emerge from Self-organizing Teams.

Agile methodology focuses on using self-organizing teams where the decisions are taken as a group rather than as individuals. Employees with skills and decision-making power should communicate regularly with all the team members to develop a successful product.

The Team Regularly Reflects on How to Become More Effective, Then Tunes and Adjusts Its Behavior Accordingly.

All of the teams need to run correctly. The teams should regularly look at how they work, make changes accordingly, and take necessary actions to improve the process. There is a need to create trust and transparency, which encourages openness and feedback sharing. 

5 Phases of APM

APM breaks down a project into five main phases, each crucial for its success. Let’s dive into each phase and understand its significance.

Envision Phase

In this phase, the project takes shape as it’s conceptualized. Here, stakeholders identify the project’s purpose and envision its outcome. Understanding the needs of end-users and stakeholders crucial during this phase. By clearly defining goals and stakeholders, teams set the foundation for a successful project.

Speculate Phase

In this phase teams gather to create initial requirements and establish project milestones. Brainstorming sessions lead to the formation of a feature list, while timelines are set to ensure timely delivery. The Speculate phase sets the project’s direction and ensures alignment among team members.

Explore Phase

As the project progresses, teams enter the Explore phase. Here, they work within project constraints while exploring alternatives to meet requirements. Iterations are common as teams fine-tune each milestone before moving forward. The Explore phase encourages flexibility and creativity while keeping the project on track.

Adapt Phase

Feedback is the cornerstone of the Adapt phase. Teams review delivered results and adapt based on customer and staff perspectives. Continuous feedback loops ensure that each part of the project meets end-user requirements. By embracing change and corrections, the project evolves with each iteration, ensuring its success.

Close Phase

In this phrase the delivered results are reviewed against updated requirements. Mistakes or issues encountered throughout the process are thoroughly examined to avoid similar pitfalls in the future. The close phase brings and highlights the hard work and dedication altogether, leading to successful project delivery.

Benefits of Agile Project Management

Here are some of the benefits of APM and why organizations adopt it for managing their projects:

Improved Customer Satisfaction

The agile process includes the customers in the loop, and changes are made adhering to their feedback. Doing so provides value to the customer. The product backlog needs to be updated to respond to the changes quickly. Demonstrating the working features and functionalities to the customer at every sprint will make them come back to you more often.

Improved Performance Visibility

Every team member can know about the project’s progress at any stage. Daily scrum meetings, progress charts, and sprint reviews will help check the performance.

Improved Team Morale

The members of the Agile project team are self-managing and self-organized. Scrum master removes any hindrances to the team from external interferences. On the other hand, the cross-functional nature allows the team to learn skills and rise in their career.

Improved Project Predictability

Improved project visibility leads to easy mitigation plans and risk predictability. Agile provides various ways to predict risks and strategies for efficient project completion. For example, task boards, scrum meetings, and burndown charts help to predict the project’s performance.

Reduced Risk

All Agile projects succeed with a working product from the initial sprint. Providing regular feedback, regular communication with the development team, product release, sprint review, and retrospective meeting ensures that the end user can look at the new features and ask for changes required. In addition, this process leads to reduced risks in the process.

Improved Product Quality

Agile is an iterative process; the team keeps themselves updated with the latest skills and continuous improvement. Testing is an integral part of the execution phase; thus, overall product quality is greater. In addition, clients can get involved in the development process and demand changes based on their requirements.

Added Relevant Metrics

The agile process emphasizes producing desired results and optimizing performance. A few metrics used in Agile are cycle time and lead time, used for estimating cost and time. It helps to keep track of the team’s performance more accurately, identify the issues and make necessary decisions to overcome hindrances.

After understanding the benefits let’s understand all the people involved in the process.

Components of Agile Project Management

Here are a few components of Agile Project Management:

User Stories

User story encompasses information about the entire project, which would help the team raise a reasonable estimate to attain desired project goals. The user story is mainly written from the user’s perspective.


Sprints are short iterations, usually taking 1-3 weeks to accomplish the meeting’s determined task. The tasks should be equally segregated amongst the team members to complete the task during each sprint successfully.

Sprints should be continuously repeated until all the product’s essential features are ready. Upon completion of the sprint, you can review what is working and what is not in your product and make necessary adjustments before moving on to the next.

Agile Board

The main purpose of using the Agile board is to track the project’s progress. Some examples of Agile boards include sticky notes, project management software, or just a Kanban board.

Product Backlog

The sprint planning process involves the stories in the backlog being moved to the sprint before the completion of each iteration. Thus, handling product backlog is essential for project managers.

Stand-up Meeting

A stand-up or daily scrum meeting is a way to know that every team member stays on track. The meeting is usually held for about 10-15 minutes and is to the point.

Steps Involved in Agile Project Management

APM’s main goal is to come up with shorter development cycles and more product releases. Having a shorter time frame enables the team to react efficiently to the client’s requirements changes.

As said before, various Agile frameworks like Scrum, Kanban, Xtreme Programming, lean, and more exist. Each of the methodologies has a certain basic process to follow. The process includes the following steps:


Before starting the project, the entire project should be thorough with the project objective, scope, and goal to be achieved. The main purpose of this phase is to address the changes and make necessary additions to the project.

Product Roadmap

A product roadmap includes all the essential features of a product. The team will be accountable for developing features at each sprint. Therefore, a product backlog is essential as it includes all the essentials and deliverables that make up the final product. From now on, the product backlog will be much more helpful when planning sprints.

Release Planning

Agile project management uses a shorter development cycle called sprints. At the end of each sprint, product features and functionalities are released. A high-level plan has to be created for the product release. At the beginning of every sprint, a release plan will be devised for that particular stage.

Sprint Planning

It is essential to hold a sprint planning meeting before starting each sprint. The reason behind conducting sprint meetings is to determine each team member’s task and how they plan to achieve it. For efficient workflow, the task should be equally shared amongst all the team members.

Daily Stand-up Meeting

Conducting regular meetings will help the team assess issues and changes to be made to the prevailing work-in-progress. The meeting must be short (about 10-15 minutes) and shouldn’t be considered, unlike any other meetings. The team members should emphasize their to-do list and tasks done on the previous day.

Sprint Review Meeting

Sprint review meeting involve the stakeholders being present to give them a final view of the product. This allows for developing a good rapport with the stakeholders and overcoming possible obstacles.

Sprint Retrospective Meeting

The main agenda of this meeting is to assess the entire sprint process. The focus will be on what went well during the process and whatnot, whether the task load was equally distributed amongst the team, and the outcome of each sprint.

What are Agile Project Management Tools?

Agile project management tools are software applications or platforms supporting the agile project management approach. These tools may provide a variety of features, such as:

  • Task Management: Agile project management tools may include features for creating and assigning tasks, tracking progress, and managing deadlines
  • Collaboration and Communication: Agile project management tools may include features enabling team members to communicate and collaborate, such as chat or video conferencing
  • Tracking Progress and Performance: Agile project management tools may include features for tracking progress on tasks and projects and for measuring key performance indicators (KPIs) such as velocity or lead time
  • Integration With Other Tools: Agile project management tools may integrate with other tools and platforms, such as source control systems or customer relationship management (CRM) systems, to provide a more comprehensive view of the project

Some examples of agile project management tools include JIRA, Asana, Trello, and Basecamp. These tools can be useful for agile teams who want to stay organized, communicate effectively, and track progress on tasks and projects.

Top Agile Project Management Tools

Many agile project management tools are available, and the right tool for your team will depend on your specific needs and preferences. Here are a few examples of agile project management tools, with a brief explanation of each:


JIRA is a project management tool popular among agile teams. It provides features for creating and assigning tasks, tracking progress, and managing deadlines. It also includes collaboration features, such as chat and video conferencing, and can be integrated with other tools and platforms.


Asana is a project management tool designed to be easy to use and customizable. It includes features for creating and assigning tasks, tracking progress, and managing deadlines and collaboration features such as chat and video conferencing.


Trello is a project management tool that uses a visual, card-based interface. It allows teams to create “boards” for different projects and to add “cards” representing tasks or ideas. Trello includes features for tracking progress and managing deadlines and collaboration features such as chat and video conferencing.


Basecamp is a project management tool that includes features for creating and assigning tasks, tracking progress, and managing deadlines. It also includes collaboration features such as chat and video conferencing and tools for document management and file sharing.

These are just a few examples of agile project management tools. Many other options are available, and the right tool for your team will depend on your specific needs and preferences.

Agile Vs. Waterfall Project Management

Waterfall and Agile project management are two approaches to managing projects. Here are a few key differences between the two:

Approach to Planning

Agile project management uses a flexible and iterative approach to planning, where the team breaks the project into smaller chunks (called “user stories”) and prioritizes them. The team then works on a set of prioritized user stories in a short period (called a “sprint”) and regularly adjusts the plan based on feedback and changing project requirements. 

On the other hand, Waterfall project management uses a more rigid and linear approach to planning, where the team defines all of the requirements upfront and creates a detailed plan that outlines all of the tasks that need to be completed in a specific order.

Emphasis on Documentation

Agile project management emphasizes working software over comprehensive documentation and generally focuses on producing the minimum documentation necessary to support the project. On the other hand, Waterfall project management typically requires more comprehensive documentation, including detailed specifications and plans.

Approach to Change

Agile project management is designed to be flexible and adaptable and encourages teams to embrace change and pivot quickly if project requirements or customer needs change. On the other hand, Waterfall project management is more resistant to change and generally follows a strict plan that is difficult to deviate from.

Role of the Customer

In agile project management, the customer actively participates in the project and provides regular feedback to shape the project’s direction. In Waterfall project management, the customer is generally less involved and provides feedback only at specific points in the process.

Overall, agile project management and Waterfall project management are two different approaches to managing projects, with different approaches to planning, documentation, change, and the role of the customer. The right approach for a particular project will depend on the specific requirements and constraints of the project.

Agile Project Management Methodologies

As Agile became a popular topic at the beginning of the twenty-first century, many frameworks seized the opportunity and quickly rose to prominence (Scrum, SAFe, etc.). However, many businesses seeking true business agility discovered that highly rigid frameworks and agility are opposed.

This is why, instead of adopting highly prescriptive frameworks, many organizations are looking into Agile methodologies that create and support a stable workflow and tailor the processes to their needs.

Agile project management methodologies are frameworks or approaches that teams can use to manage projects in an agile way. Some of agile project management methodologies include:


Scrum is a widely-used agile project management methodology that focuses on delivering working software in short periods called “sprints.” It emphasizes collaboration, flexibility, and continuous improvement and includes roles such as the Scrum Master (who helps facilitate the process) and the Product Owner (who represents the customer).


Kanban is an agile project management methodology that uses a visual board to track the progress of tasks through the project workflow. It emphasizes continuous delivery and continuous improvement and encourages teams to focus on completing tasks simultaneously rather than multitasking.


Lean is an agile project management methodology that is based on the principles of lean manufacturing. It emphasizes the importance of eliminating waste and maximizing value and encourages teams to focus on delivering working software as quickly as possible.

Extreme Programming (XP)

Extreme Programming (XP) is an agile project management methodology emphasizing frequent delivery, collaboration, and continuous improvement. It includes practices such as pair programming (where two team members work together on a task) and test-driven development (where tests are written before code is written).

These are just a few examples of agile project management methodologies. There are many other options available, and the right methodology for your team will depend on your specific needs and preferences.

Roles Involved in Agile Project Management

Roles Involved in Agile Project Management

Here are a few common roles involved in an Agile team:

Scrum Master

Scrum Masters are the guardians of the entire project, provide regular feedback, and guide the team in the right direction, ensuring the work stays on track with timely completion. As a result, they are often called the team’s advocates.

Product Owner

The significant role of the product owner is to have a goal for each sprint. They have a vision for a product and how it fits into organizational goals. They manage and prioritize the task in the backlog and act as a voice for the stakeholder.

Team Members

Team members are responsible for creating the entire product. They are responsible for executing the task in every sprint. The team members had varied skills and strengths, which would help to get the work done efficiently. The team can consist of people with the same job or different roles.


The stakeholders of the project should be kept updated about the project proceedings. During the sprint retrospective meeting, they must review the work and provide feedback for the changes.


Agile is a roadmap for enterprises to gain an edge in the current competitive market. Implement Agility in your organization irrespective of size and domain to reap high-end benefits.

By this, we come to the end of this blog on what Agile Project Management is. Why wait if this article has begun to resonate with your career goals? Find an Agile certification that meets your requirements and enroll in a good Agile training course to improve your career prospects as a project manager and prepare for an exciting career ahead.

Some of the popular Agile Certification Courses that individuals and enterprise teams can take up are:

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Billie Keita is known for her exemplary skills in implementing project management methodologies and best practices for business critical projects. She possesses 10+ years of experience in handling complex software development projects across Europe and African region. She also conducts many webinars and podcasts where she talks about her own experiences in implementing Agile techniques. She is a Certified ScrumMaster (CSM) and PMI Project Management Professional (PMP)®, and has published many articles across various websites.


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